Low Emission Fuels and Vehicles (LEFV)

Accelerating uptake of LEFV solutions by companies

More governments and companies are setting climate targets, including for freight and logistics, with the end goal of zero emissions before 2050. For shippers that make use of road freight to ship materials and products to their destinations, multiple solutions such as biofuels and electric and in future potentially hydrogen can be effective strategies to reduce emissions. Freight buyers, both shippers and logistics service providers, have the unique position to drive the LEFV transition in their sectors, by influencing their carriers.

The Low Emission Fuels and Vehicles (LEFV) project since March 2020 provides a platform for all freight actors to discuss and understand the decarbonization potential and practical challenges in adopting LEFV solutions. The project is carried out under the Global Logistics Emissions Council (GLEC) that is managed by Smart Freight Centre.

In Phase 3, which started in October 2021, we build upon the success of previous phases, and focus on developing detailed guidance on the use of biofuels in the road freight sector.

What will the program deliver?

The LEFV Phase 3 program consists of three related projects to introduce, report, decide and collaborate on LEFV solutions:

1. Practical guidance on the use of biofuels for road freight. Biofuels are as diverse as they come. Not only do they differ in how they are finally used, i.e. in blends and compatible engines, they are also produced from a wide variety of feedstock, supplied from all over the world, and processed using different methods. Each of these factor into how much lifecycle emissions reduction potential they offer and what other kinds of sustainability impacts they create. The topic of sustainability is an important one to delve into as it has far-reaching consequences to meeting the sustainability commitments of shippers, as well it becomes a factor in light of the changing legislative landscape. The guidance that will be produced within the scope of this work intends to clarify what these complexities mean for the road freight sector in the EU, as well as to provide general information on practical issues related to fuel/blend availability and prices, vehicle compatibility, and emissions calculation.

2. Emission factor development for biofuels in road freight. The LEFV project works in tandem with the development of emission factors for the update to the GLEC framework and for the ISO14083 standard. These default emission factors enable a standardized approach to be used in GHG emissions accounting. The project calculates the emission factors for bio-based substitutes of diesel, gasoline and liquified natural gas (LNG): biodiesel (FAME), renewable diesel (HVO), ethanol and liquified biomethane (LBM). As the range of emission factor values for each biofuel could be large, depending primarily on the feedstock and inclusion of biogenic and indirect land use change emissions, the project will develop a pragmatic approach to propose representative values for the GLEC framework and ISO standard.

3. Formally setup of a GLEC Working Group on Energy Source Sustainability and Emission Factors. The LEFV project working group will set up a permanent GLEC sub-group that focuses on energy source sustainability and emission factors. We will develop principles and rules for the working group and a work program for the short to long term. This will involve discussions within the group, within the organizations, but also with external parties. The working group will become the basis for supporting other SFC and GLEC initiatives, as well as to create a platform for increased collaboration among members.

Why should you join this program?

Companies and other organizations can participate as follows
  • Give feedback on emission factor updates and their application for low emission fuels
  • Give feedback on guidance documents – the content, structure and coverage of topics
  • Help shape new working group on Energy Sources Sustainability and Emission Factors
  • Explore collaboration with other shippers and institutions/players to work with to implement LEFV solutions
The benefits for companies and other organizations are:
  • Influence GLEC emission calculation methodologies and factors
  • Get more complete and reliable emission calculation results and information on LEFV solutions in different countries
  • Increase speed and effectiveness of LEFV solutions implementation through collaboration
The project is carried out together with GLEC partners and part of it is funded by the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management and the Dutch Enterprise Agency (RVO). Partners include

Program timeframe

  • The potential of Bio-LNG in decarbonizing Logistics: published March 2022
  • Sustainability criteria report for biofuels: published April 2022
  • Practical guidance for biofuels in Western Europe: published June 2022
  • Emission factor development for biofuels to be completed by July 2022
  • Initiation of Working Group on Energy Sources Sustainability and Emission Factors by July 2022

How can you get involved?

Find out more on this project
Do you want further information about this project? Get in touch!

Tharsis Teoh, tharsis.teoh@smartfreightcentre.org

Rocio Espinosa, rocio.espinosa@smartfreightcentre.org

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Do you want further information about this project? Get in touch.