Theory behind Logistics Emissions

Transportation sector forms the backbone of today’s global economy that is driven by production and consumption


Transportation is the first and foremost a commercially driven sector. It refers to goods that are carried by vehicles or vessels, especially by commercial carriers. The maritime and rail sectors are critical enablers of the flow of energy resources, the aviation sector plays an important role in moving time-sensitive products and high value consumer goods. And the road transport, is the most ubiquitous form of global freight transportation to point of consumption.

This sector is becoming a focal area because of 3 major challenges:



> Explosive growth
> High and rising costs
> High environmental impacts
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10 key facts about emissions from the transport sector

  • By 2050, we are about to see a 3 fold increase in freight transport demand, because of growing economies in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
  • Road freight emissions are expected to rise 70% by 2050
  • Emissions from air & sea transport would be thrice as more
  • Road is by far the dominant source of transport emissions, with over 5,000 million tonnes of CO2 in 2016
  • By 2040, emissions from passenger and freight transport = Combined emissions from all coal-fired power plants in 2017
  • Transportation makes up 25% of global GHG emissions. It is also the 3rd largest source of GHG emissions after industry and buildings.
  • In 2015, transport generated 9 billion tonnes of CO2e: 18% of global emissions and 23% of global energy-related emissions.
  • Currently, Freight’s contribution to transport emissions is 42% but expected to equal that of passenger transport by 2050, which would translate to about 6.6 billion tonnes of CO2e
  • In 2015, Road freight constituted 8% of international trade but it generated 40% of CO2e emissions.

How to move forward?


Carbon must become a KPI. Carbon can be used in investment, procurement, and sales strategies to assess the impact of various scenarios, predict the carbon ROI, and track progress towards climate goals following implementation.

But, the complexity of the sector needs a global guidance which is an industry standard. Therefore, we are introducing The GLEC Framework - The global method for calculation and reporting of logistics emissions.
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Why the GLEC Framework?

  • The Framework works with industry standards.
  • The Framework works with stakeholders. It works for shippers, carriers and logistics service providers, as well as for other end users of emissions information, such as governments, investors.
  • The Framework works for decision making.
  • The Framework works with green freight programs. Green freight programs play a critical role in connecting shippers and carriers around the globe.
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Measure your emissions.

Bring transparency to your logistics emissions and achieve Sustainable Development Goals. In alignment with GHG Protocol, CDP and Science-Based Targets.