Implementing the GLEC Framework at Kemira
Finnish chemical company Kemira implemented the GLEC Framework as a methodology to determine its outbound logistics emissions in just six months. The key to its success was taking a systematic yet pragmatic approach, working with a team of university students to build an in-house system to calculate and report emissions. This complemented advice from Smart Freight Centre on how to best apply the GLEC Framework to Kemira’s logistics operations.
Kemira chose to implement the GLEC Framework as part of its strategy to apply consistent carbon accounting principles across transportation modes and geographies and to obtain actionable insights that can ultimately be used to lower Kemira’s climate impact.
What did Kemira do?
The first step for Kemira staff and the students was to understand the GLEC Framework by taking SFC’s on-line training and discussing specific questions with SFC experts . Next, the team developed a data collection and emissions calculation approach for Kemira’s road, rail and sea transport.
For each transportation mode, the project team defined what factors contribute to the amount of emissions produced, such as distance traveled, weight carried, the type of equipment, fuel, and load. The team identified where the data for these different factors could be obtained.
The transportation mode, equipment, shipment weights and distance came from Kemira’s own transport management systems based on information shared by logistics service providers and carriers. Carbon intensity factors (CO2e/tonne-kilometer) to estimate the emissions from the various shipments came from green freight programs such as Clean Cargo for sea container shipping, US EPA SmartWay for road, along with the average carbon intensity factors from the GLEC Framework for other modes, logistics sites and regions.
Finally, decisions were made on the assumptions specific to Kemira’s transportation supply chain, such as the type of rail transport and intermodal splits. Terms and definitions used internally were checked for consistency with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol and GLEC Framework.
An internal report was prepared based on the application of the GLEC Framework to the company’s logistics supply chain. This provided Kemira with data on absolute emissions and carbon intensities of its freight and logistics activities per mode and region. The detailed breakdown of its emissions profile helps Kemira understand the differences between modes, carriers and over time, and identify opportunities for efficiency improvements and emission reductions.
Kemira is now better able to report logistics emissions to customers, in annual reporting and on other platforms such as CDP in a consistent and comparable way. More reliable data allows Kemira to take another step closer to joining the Science Based Target initiative (SBTi) since quantifying Scope 3 emissions is currently a challenge that must be overcome.
What is important is that a company works towards a workable system to collect data, calculate and report emissions, and use results. Depending on the in-house technical expertise available, you can set it up and run it yourself or bring in external consultants to build or run the system. This project benefited from the technical support of Aalto University students and SFC to design and set up the system.